Compost refers to a dirt-like material consisting extensive amount of nutrients that can be used to nourish the plants and enrich soil erosion. “Compost” generally refers to “decomposed natural organic matter”, consisting of lots of air and water which can be used as a natural fertilizer for our soil. In simple words, composts refer to what you get when organic substances decompose properly, for example, animal products, leaves, animal products, shredded twigs, branches, etc.
Why Do We Need Composting?
Gardens’ soils can vary considerably vary even within the same ground. Not each garden consists of the perfect soil. This is why people add composts or soil to improve their grounds to improve the growing condition of the plants. Recycling organic wastes provides a range of various environmental benefits. Choosing the right composts helps to improve soil health, recycle nutrients, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and even helps in mitigating drought impacts. The best way to get the best out of your plant is by choosing the right composts for them. For the best results, it is best to use “a fit to purpose” compost; these types of composts are tailor-made as per your needs.
Benefits of Composting
It is a completely effective and environmental-friendly way to use unwanted natural wastes. Backyard composting reduces household wastes by a whopping 50-70%. Imagine what a great impact would it leave on the environment if people would start decomposing their craps into composts.
- Prevents soil erosion
- Increases valuable microorganisms in the soil
- Promotes healthier plant growth
- Composts help to eliminate chemical lawn fertilizers
- Establishes a healthy planet
- Reduces diseases
- Natural fertilizer
- Absorbs rainfall energy
- Reduces water and wind erosions
- Provides a sustainable climate for seed germination
- Diverts material from landfills
- Assessment of storm water management
- Reduces wastes
- Assists wetland reclamation
The Do’s and Don’ts of Composts
1. A basic tip- DO use gloves always!
2. DO start on bare earth always
3. DO prefer to build a compost pile near a water source to ensure optimum growth.
5. Do promote proper air circulation; it evaporated the excess moisture and overheating.
6. DO promote diversity.
7. Do check the PH level of the soil in your garden, before you start planting.
8. DO use fresh composite each year, this minimizes the risk of diseases and pests.
1. Don’t forget to read the instructions on the label.
2. Do not leave the compost bin exposed, especially if you are mixing food scraps into the compost. It will attract all the pests and animals.
3. Do not add a few food scraps. As not all food scraps are made for composting. Avoid composting leftover meals, bones, broken eggs, fish, etc as they attract all bees and pests.
4. Do not sow seeds in standard compost. Instead, use specialist seed composts that contain food for the plants which encourage optimum seed growth.
5. Do not be put off growing vegetables and fruits by the lack of space. Remember that you can always achieve healthy food crops in hanging baskets, pots, and even in the smallest areas.
6. Do not assume that there are already enough nutrients in your garden. Some of the garden soils consist of unwanted weeds, pests, and diseases. These soils may even hold water differently which will lead your plants to suffer.
7. Do not forget there are some acid lover plants also like –azalea. Rhododendron, camellia, etc. will need ericaceous composts that contain small PH.
8. Don’t let your compost get too dry or even too wet, as this delays the breakdown of the organic matter. The compost must always be moist and moderately warm.
Different Types of Composts
- Peat based composed
Peat-based compost is a natural organic substance. It is usually formed in mild climates and stagnant water where oxygen is absent. These kinds of composts are generally found in the north- hemisphere. Due to its fertile nature, it has become an integral part of modern gardening.
- Loam-based compost
These composts are consists of loam soil. Most of the composts contain no soil in them. Although it is worth noticing that these loam-based components are consists of soil ingredients that are not loaming in their modern formations. These composts are sterilized to get rid of weeds, diseases, and pests.
- organic composts
These composts are made of organic sources, which makes them safe to use for organic gardening. If you are an organic gardener you can even make these composts at your home and can be made at commercial levels too.
What to Include In Your Compost Supplies
Every compost pile varies in different terms. It may vary in terms of heat and process which means that the substances that go in each pile also vary. Always check with the organization’s label with which you are composting before putting your items in the composting container.
Here’s a list of substances that you should and should not include in your composting bin:
- Rice, bread, and wheat
- Grass clippings
- Wood chips and mulch
- Eggshells and nutshells
- Dried flowers and leaves
- Vegetable and fruit scraps
- Dry flowers
- Infected plants
- Evergreen leaves
- Plastics and glass
- Hazardous cleaning supplies and chemicals
- non-compostable plastics
- Ivy and pernicious weeds
- Poisonous plants
Sometimes include (depends on the pile)
- Fats, grease, and oils
- Seafood and shells
- Dairy products
- Compostable plastics
- Meats and bones
- Food soiled paper products
You’ll need to boost up your plants additionally once the compost in your plant food has been used. Make sure to feed them regularly. And don’t forget to design your garden with variable garden supplies available on various online sites.